Crystallization & Precipitation | Definition, Steps, Equipment

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Crystallization and Precipitation

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What Is Crystallization?

Crystallization, or crystallisation, is the process of atoms or molecules arranging into a well-defined, rigid crystal lattice in order to minimize their energetic state. The smallest entity of a crystal lattice is called a unit cell, which can accept atoms or molecules to grow a macroscopic crystal.

During crystallization, atoms and unit cells bind together with well-defined angles to form a characteristic crystal shape with smooth surfaces and facets.

Crystallization can occur in nature but also has broad industrial applications as a separation and purification step in the pharmaceutical, chemical, and food industries.

crystallization product quality
crystallization product quality
crystal size distribution in crystallization
crystal size distribution in crystallization
crystallization challenges
crystallization solvent quality

crystallization metastable zone
crystallization techniques

Seeding: Crystallization Mechanisms in Action — Video Case Study

Polymorph Transition: Crystallization Mechanisms in Action — Video Case Study

Agglomeration: Crystallization Mechanisms in Action — Video Case Study

Understanding Flocculation Mechanisms — Video Case Study

7 Crystallization Mechanisms Hiding Between Your Samples

crystallization optimal cooling
automated lab reactors for crystallization
Particle Characterization tools for crystallization
in situ spectroscopy instruments for crystallization
Crystallizations with Dynochem

More Crystallization Topics


White Papers and Webinars

White Papers
On-Demand Webinars


Technology for Crystallization Development and Scale-up

Citations and References

Crystallization in Journal Publications