KF Titrator - Kostnadsfri broschyr
Know How
Guide

Karl Fischer titrering för vattenbestämning

Know How
Guide

Karl Fischer titrering– En fuktbestämmande metod som är specifik för vatten

KF titrator guide
KF titrator guide

I denna broschyr läggs ett särskilt fokus på hur man utför Karl Fischer titrering på ett korrekt sätt

KF titrering är en exakt metod för bestämmning av mängden vatten. Denna teknik kan också användas vid bestämmning av fuktighet för vattenhalt. Denna broschyr innehåller detaljerad bakgrundsinformation och rekommendationer om:

  • Kemi och kontroll av Karl Fischer titrering
  • Praktiska tips och råd  om provberedning och instrumentoperation
  • Åtgärder för att optimera noggrannheten och precisionen av vattenbestämningen
  • Val av optimal metod för bestämning av vatten för ditt specifika prov
  • Problemlösningsrekommendationer om resultaten inte sammanfaller med förväntningarna

Moisture determination with Karl Fischer titration

Principle:

The Karl Fischer method is used for many substances as a reference method. It is a chemical analysis procedure which is based on the oxidation of sulfur dioxide by iodine in a methanolic hydroxide solution. In principle, the following chemical reaction takes place:

H2O + I2 + SO2 + CH3OH + 3RN -> [RNH]SO4CH3 + 2[RNH]I

The titration can be performed volumetrically or coulometrically.
In the volumetric method a Karl Fischer solution containing iodine is added until the first trace of excess iodine is present. The amount of iodine converted is determined from the burette volume of the iodine-containing Karl Fischer solution.
In the coulometric procedure, the iodine participating in the reaction is generated directly in the titration cell by electrochemical oxidation of iodide until again a trace of unreacted iodine is detected. Faraday's law can be used to calculate the amount of iodine generated from the quantity of electricity required.

Application:

The Karl Fischer titration is a moisture determination method specific for water and is suitable for samples with a high moisture content (titrimetry) and also for those with water contents in the ppm range (coulometry). It was originally developed for nonaqueous liquids, but is also suitable for solids if these are soluble or if the water they contain can be removed by heating in a stream of gas or by extraction.

Advantages:

Accurate reference method, coulometry also suitable for trace analysis and water detection.

Restriction:

The working method must be adapted to the specific sample.

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