Chemical process safety focuses on preventing incidents and accidents during large scale manufacturing of chemicals and pharmaceuticals – in particular, the unintentional release of potentially dangerous materials and energy to the environment during a chemical reaction, or because of a runaway reaction.
In the chemical industry, process safety incidents occur for different reasons, including:
- missing information
- insufficient operator training
- technical defects
- human errors
- concatenation of unfortunate coincidences
Malfunctions, human errors, and lack of full understanding of the chemistry, including all possible side-reactions, of the process and its parameters are among the most frequent reasons for which incidents or accidents take place.