To ensure safe and compliant operation, the process and the process risks must be clearly understood.
Thorough chemical process safety studies do not just prevent runaway reactions, but also plants from being damaged or destroyed, people being injured, or the environment being polluted.
The purpose of chemical process safety studies is to gain an overview on all potential dangers, effects, and consequences. It includes disciplines such as product and process safety, personal, as well as environmental safety. Appropriate attention, management, and investigation must be given to each of the above disciplines to ensure the safe manufacturing of chemicals in large scale.
The consequence of incidents and accidents in chemical plants can vary from minor, with the loss of a batch or small damages to the plant, up to disastrous, with employees injured or dead, heavily damaged or even destroy plants, catastrophic environmental damages, and human causalities in a wider surrounding area. Incidents of that order of magnitude will also have strong impact on the company's reputation and economic loss.
All of these justify investment into chemical process safety.