Separation of the Glass Transition and Postcuring (TOPEM®) - METTLER TOLEDO

Separation of the Glass Transition and Postcuring (TOPEM®)


To demonstrate how TOPEM® (a temperature-modulated DSC method) can separate different effects and so allow the determination of the glass transition temperature, Tg and the post-curing enthalpy Δhpost-
A postcuring reaction usually begins just above the glasss transition. In conventional DSC measurements, this often makes it difficult or event impossible to determine the glass transition temperature and the postycuring enthalpy. 


Laminated composite material made of carbon fibers and epoxy resins with a very high glass transition temperature. 


Measuring cell: DSC

Pan: Aluminum 40 μL

Sample preparation: Pieces weighing 19.326 mg (conventional DSC) and 24.188 TOPEM®  were sawn out of a sheet of the composite.

DSC measurement: Heating from 50 to 280°C at 2 K/min. TOPEM®: Pulse heigh 0.5 K, pulse width 15 to 30s.

Atmosphere: Nitrogen


The conventional DSC measurement (upper curve) shows the postcuring reaction as an exothermic peak which is overlapped by the beginning of the exothermic decomposition process. A step in the curve that could be used to determine the Tis not apparent. 


The postcuring enthalpy can be determined by conventional DSC, but the accompanying glass transition can often only be obseved using a TMDSC method (e.g. TOPEM®)

Separation of the Glass Transition and Postcuring | Thermal Analysis Handbook No.HB13 | Application published in METTLER TOLEDO TA Application Handbook Thermosets, Volume 1

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